The legalization of drugs is a proposal by activists and institutions to change laws that prohibit the use of drugs, the supply and production of psychotropic substances. The central argument is based on the fundamental right that each person must choose how he wants to live his life, which includes the obligation that the state respects the decision of the citizen regarding the substances he wants to use or consume. Other proponents of the measure base their defense on the belief that it would be an important way to eradicate mafias linked to drug trafficking and retail drug trafficking. [1] [2] The legalization of drugs is a central argument based on the fundamental right that each person must choose how he or she wants to lead his or her life. Others are based on the belief that it would be an important way to eradicate the mafia. Despite the fact that 79% of the Guatemalan population is against the legalization of drugs, the statements of the Guatemalan President welcome it positively. On the other hand, the OAS General Assembly is trying to move forward in the debate on a comprehensive policy to tackle the world drug problem in America. As this is a problem that involves various parameters, its management is brought to the essentials, which could be counterproductive. Guatemalan President Otto Pérez Molina began trying to decriminalize drugs in February 2012.

Such an initiative would encompass the entire Central American region, Mexico and Colombia. Pérez Molina will present this initiative at the next Central American Presidential Summit. Thus, in most Western countries, drugs are classified according to legal regulations as follows:[3] Overall, it is reported that in 2012 there were 28 million drinkers aged 12 to 65, of whom 53% of users are men and 47% are women. In addition, 25% reported being addicted to tobacco, 69% of men and 31% of women. 72% of the group of smokers say they started the vice before the age of 18, while currently 9% of the smoking population is represented by the same minors. These collected figures also show that the user`s main occupation is employed by drugs such as tobacco or alcohol. When it comes to more potent drugs, 7% of the population admit to using chemical drugs frequently, and on the contrary, 63% say they have never tried them. [51] [52] Proponents of drug legalization support various reasons (economic, moral, ethical, medical) with different goals. The most common objectives are: In Luxembourg, drug use is punishable by a prison sentence of 8 days to 5 years and fines of 248 to 247,894 euros.

Drug production and trafficking are punishable by 1 to 20 years` imprisonment and fines of €498 to €1,239,468. Of this list, at least three are legally sold in stores and are widely used in Western society: nicotine from tobacco, coffee and alcohol. Valium can also be obtained by prescription, and curiously, its high addictiveness contrasts with the studies of those who believe it is a placebo. The legal consideration in this respect is undoubtedly very different from that of the rest of the list. Due to the legal criminalization of the production, marketing and consumption of certain drugs, the illicit drug market is controlled by organized crime. A 2003 United Nations report estimated that the global drug trade generated an estimated $321.6 billion in wealth, or 1% of the world`s GDP generated that year. The nations of the world, especially the United States, invest billions of dollars a year in an attempt to curb this illegal market – it is estimated that the United States alone invests $51 billion a year, although according to some reports, this policy has failed in its attempts after decades of “war.” [29] [30] [31] The regulated legalization system would likely have a number of restrictions on different drugs, depending on the perception of their risk, so that, even if some drugs are sold without a prescription in pharmacies or other licensed establishments, drugs with the highest risk of harm could only be offered for sale in licensed establishments where their use can be controlled and maintained by a emergency physician always available. Examples of substances with different levels of distribution regulated in most countries are: caffeine (coffee, tea), nicotine (tobacco), ethyl alcohol (beer, wine, spirits) and antibiotics. Since its prohibition in the mid-twentieth century, some countries, including the United States and, more recently, Mexico and the Philippines, have launched the so-called “war on drugs”, which aims to combat drug trafficking and organized crime as a result of drug prohibition.

[23] Drug prohibition criteria are not correlated with their potential for harm[24] and are considered arbitrary by some scientists. [25] We have already talked about the pros and cons of drugs in another article, which you also talked about in relation to this other article on Why do people use drugs? can read. The regime is subject to the official national guidelines of the Public Prosecutor`s Office: the retail sale of cannabis is tolerated as long as the outlets meet the criteria called ahoj-g (for the acronym that exists in Dutch): no open advertising, no hard drugs, no riots or disturbances to public order, no sale to minors and no sale in large quantities. The Crown has given “the lowest judicial priority” to investigating and prosecuting possession for personal use and has given municipalities a wide margin of appreciation. [4] “The legalization of drugs would reduce their price by more than 90%, which would mean that drug addicts would not have to commit crimes to finance this costly habit. On the other hand, falling prices would eliminate the huge profits of drug traffickers and discourage the integration of gangs of young people living in ghettos. Originally, this distinction was intended to distinguish between highly addictive drugs that cause serious (hard) health damage and low-addictive drugs that do not pose a serious risk to those who use them (soft). [Citation needed] On the one hand, we look at people who are engaged in the legalization of drugs. In this area, there are all kinds of groups. Some who aspire to therapeutic goals, people who use drugs and try to exercise their individual freedom, etc.

To take care of this defense, we focus on a political party and several platforms for the legalization of drugs: Among those for recreational use we find [citation needed]: In large parts of society, there is an opinion that the extramedical use of psychotropic drugs is harmful. In other environments, however, it is argued that in some cases the alleged harms have been greatly exaggerated and, in all cases, it must be the individual, not the state, that regulates their behaviour. The two positions are the ones that traditionally clash in the debate on the legalization of drugs. [Citation needed] Not all proponents of drug legalization necessarily share a common ethical framework, and people may take this view for a number of reasons.